Mara Salvatrucha better known as the ominous "MS-13"
I'd heard scattered bits and pieces about these dudes over the years but most recently several MS-13 members & probies were connected to the awful execution-style killings of three college bound teenagers in a Newark schoolyard on 4 August. And it has been speculated that this was some sort of gang initiation. The three victims were forced to kneel against a wall and were shot fatally at close range by a fucking 15-year old!
In the early 1980's a civil war erupted in El Salvador killing as estimated 100,000 people. Its estimated that between one and two million people have immigrated to the U.S. as a result of the unstable environment in El Salvador.
The first large population of El Salvadorian refuges settled in the Rampart area of Los Angeles. This influx of immigrants looking for low cost housing and employment was not readily welcomed by the Mexicans who were already residing in that area; an area which was already overcrowded and plagued with gangs and crime.
These immigrant Salvadorian youth and young adults were soon were victimised by local gangs. A group of Salvadorian immigrants created a new gang calling themselves Mara Salvatrucha also known as MS-13.
It is believed they got their name from combining the name of “La Mara”, a violent street gang in El Salvador ("Mara" refers to the Spanish word for "army ant") with "Salvatruchas", a term used to denote members of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front who were a group of Salvadorian peasants trained as guerrilla fighters. The “13” was added to pay homage to the California prison gang, the Mexican Mafia.
The "devil's head" hand signal, which forms an "M" when displayed upside down was copied by the founders of MS-13 after their visits to rock concerts. Mexicans love their metal. Jut ask Disassociate.
MS-13 quickly became known as one of the most violent gangs in the area because many of their founding members had experience or training in guerrilla warfare, thus gaining a level of sophistication that superseded their rivals.
Various members of the newly formed MS-13 were soon arrested and deported back to El Salvador. Quickly and unexpectedly, MS-13 flourished in the prison system and recruitment began on the streets in El Salvador, while the gang continued to grow in the United States as well.
Mara Salvatrucha has since become Central America’s greatest problem. In addition to violent acts committed by the gang against citizens and gang rivalries, the gang has even engaged in organised violent acts against the government.
In 1997 the son of Honduras President Ricardo Maduro was kidnapped and murdered by MS-13 members. MS-13 members have continued to taunt Central American government officials. Members also left a dismembered corpse with a note for the Honduras president that “more people will die… the next victims will be police and journalists.”
In 2004, Guatemalan President Oscar Berger received a similar messages attached to the body of a dismembered man from MS-13 members.
In 2002 in the city of Tegucigalpa in the Honduras, the MS fun time express boarded a public bus and immediately executed 28 people including 7 small children. Again, they left a message written on the front of the bus taunting government officials.
Those convicted were MS gangleaders. One of them, Juan Bautista Jimenez, who was accused of masterminding the attack, was killed in prison. According to the authorities he was hanged by fellow MS-13 inmates. I hope it was because they killed 7 children on that bus.
Over the past few years there has been numerous speculation and discussion regarding Central America’s death squads. The existence of death squads for political purposes has been a frequent occurrence in history.
In El Salvador in the 1980's a vigilante group was identified known as Sombra Negra, or Black Shadow were extremely active in attempting to remove criminal elements from their society. It is believed that this group felt their judicial system was not apt at dealing with the nation’s problems, so they became what some would call “self-appointed executioners of justice.” Oooh, like Punisher!
Compared to similar groups of years past, Sombra Negra receives little attention or mention from the media. This may be in part because they do not engage in massive executions, but instead kill their victims individually or in small groups. In addition their victims are almost exclusively gang members and other criminals and many Salvadorians support the idea of removing this undesirable element from their country.
One MS-13 gang member who was deported used a cheese grater to scrape off his MS-13 tattoos so he would not be discovered should he be stopped by Sombra Negra.
World's Most Dangerous Gang by Lisa Ling
CBS News: Authorities in New Jersey say a sixth suspect in the execution-style murders of three college students is now in custody.
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